Some individuals choose to cultivate chickens while there are others who prefer livestock but if you want to help cultivate the soil or restore its nutrients, then what you should do is build a worm farm yourself instead to buying a pre-built one at a supply store. The nice thing about making a worm farm is that the price isn't that much. All you'll need are three to four stackable bins or plastic bins, wood or some other light and water resistant material, a few worms, a strip of insect screen for the bottom, ripped up newsprint, garden earth or potting compost, water and good bits of organic garbage.
Once you've collected these materials it is time to build the new worm farm by first putting some holes on the lid as well as on the bottom. The number of holes in the lid will depend on the size of the box or bin but keep in mind that the holes must be evenly spaced to allow oxygen to come through, as well as any excess water as well as to let any worm waste drain along with the water. The strip of insect screen should then be placed at the bottom so the worms do not fall out.
Now that you've made on the exterior of the worm farm, it's time to go to the inside by filling some of the container with shredded newspaper. You should put three quarters of this inside and make sure you dampen it with water before adding the soil or possibly potting mix this is just to make sure the worms eat the scraps you provide. When you are done it's time to show the worms into their new home. Some people will pour in about a thousand worms and as long as you keep them happy, they will reproduce and more likely than not, you'll lose count of their exact number.
But now what are we supposed to do with the other bins or boxes? Well here we go; the final step is to place the extras containers over the first one.
If you have any idea what worms like to eat, some examples are coffee grounds or tea bags, smashed egg shells, fruit peelings, hair, stale cookies and cakes, fine wood shavings, plate scraps, moist cardboard, vacuum cleaner debris and vegetable scraps. In short, worms love to eat dirt and leftovers but don't put too much since you might over feed them. The best way to determine what enough is would be to only give them a little bit at first and then observe how long it takes for them to finish eating that batch before you put in more food. Since the area is large it'll also help to lay their food in different locations each time.
Watch your worms constantly so that you're sure that the shredded newspaper does not dry out and in the event the paper needs changed do make sure to replace it.
As with all things in nature, poop will appear at the bottom of the box however this particular waste product is also called vermicast and vermicast helps plants grow. The only way to get to it without having the worms get out so it is best to open the container and just set it under the sunlight for a while. Worms hate sunlight so they will naturally look for cover and you won't have a hard time to pick up the poop and shut the lid.
The worm farm is wonderful with and will help you in growing flowers, fruits or even vegetables and all it takes is a little willpower to get the assistance of these little creatures.
The author writes cool stuff. Get more of it at Worm composting